KOREAN Terminology


TENETS

English - Korean

Courtesy - Ye Ui

Indomitable Spirit - Baekjool Boolgool

Integrity - Yom Chi

Perseverance - In Nae

Self-Control - Guk Gi

Tenets of Taekwon-Do - Taekwon-Do Jungshin

Class Commands


English - Korean

About Turn - Dwiyo Torra

At Ease - Swiyo

Attention - Charyot

Backwards - Dwiyo Kaggi

Bow - Kyong - Ye

Commence/Start - Si Jak

Dismiss - Haesan

Forwards - Apro Kaggi

Push Ups - Momtong Batchim

Ready - Junbi

Return to Ready Stance - Barrol

Stop - Gomman


COUNTING

English - Korean

One - Hana

Two - Dool

Three - Set

Four - Net

Five - Tasut

Six - Yasut

Seven - Ilgop

Eight - Yaudol

Nine - Ahope

Ten - Yul

Eleven - Yolhana

Twelve - Yoldool

Thirteen - Yolset

Fourteen - Yolnet

Fifteen - Yoltasut

Sixteen - Yolyasut

Seventeen - Yolilgop

Eighteen - Yolyaudol

Nineteen - Yolahop

Twenty - Samul

Thirty - Sorun

Forty - Mahun

Fifty - Chiun

Sixty - Yesun

Seventy - Irrun

Eighty - Yodun

Ninety - Ahun

One Hundred - Pek

COMPETITION TERMINOLOGY

English - Korean

At Ease - Swiyo

Attention - Charyot

Blue Winner - Chong Sung

Bow - Kyong Ye

Classification of Umpire Simpan - Jongyu

Commence/Start - Si Jak

Competition - Kyong Gi

Continue - Gaesok

Disqualification - Sil Kyuk

Foul - Gam Jum

Holding - Bachigi

Points - Dukjom

Ready - Junbi

Red Winner - Hong Sung

Return to Ready Stance - Barrol

Rule for Competition - Kyong Gi Kyu Jong

Scoring - Chejom

Separate/Stop - Haechyo

Warning - Ju Ui

MOVEMENT TERMINOLOGY

English - Korean

Body Dropping - Mom Nanchugi

Combination Attack - Honap Gyong Gyuk

Consecutive Attack - Yonsak Gong Gyok

Direction Diagram - Bang Hyang Pyo

Dodging - Pihagi

Dodging Strike - Pihamyo Taerigi

Double Attack - I-Jung Gong Gyuk

Double Step Turning - Ibo Omgyo Didimyo Dolgi

Double Stepping - Ibo Omgyo Didigi

Dynamic Stability - Dongtchuk Anjong

Flowing - Hullyo

Free Sparring - Jayu Matsogi

Ground Dodging - Noowo Pihagi

Half Facing - Bahnmom

Jumping - Twigi

Model Sparring - Mobum Matsogi

Mountain Climbing - Dung San

One-Step Semi-Free sparring - Ilbo Ban Jayu Matsogi

One-Step Sparring - Ilbo Matsogi

Patterns - Tul

Prearranged Sparring - Yaksok Matsogi

Reflex - Banung

Saw Tooth Wave - Topnal Pahdo

Self-defence Techniques - Hosin Sul

Shift Stepping - Jajunbal Didgi

Side Facing - Yop Mom

Sine Wave - Hwaldung Pahdo

Single Stepping - Ilbo Omgyo Didigi

Sliding - Mikulgi

Speed - Sokdo

Spot Turning - Gujari Dolgi

Stability - Anjong

Static Stability - Jungtchuk Anjong

Step Shifting - Omgyo Didigi Jajunbal

Step Turning - Omgyo Didimyo Dolgi

Stepping - Omgyo Didigi

Stretching - Pyogi

Three -Step Sparring - Sambo Matsogi

Throwing and Falling Techniques - Dunjigi Wa Totorjigi

Toward A, B, C, D - A, B, C, D Bang

Treble Stepping - Sambo Omgyo Didigi

Two-Step Sparring - Ibo Matsogi

HAND/ARM PARTS

English - Korean

Angle Fingertip - Homi Sonkut

Arc Hand - Bandal Son

Arm - Pal

Armpit - Gyodurang

Back Elbow - Dwit Palkup

Back Fist - Dung Joomuk

Back Forearm - Dwit Palmok

Back Hand - Sondung

Back Wrist Artery - Dung Sonmok Dongmaek

Base of Knifehand - Sonkal Batung

Bear Hand - Gomson

Bow Wrist - Sonmok Dung

Elbow - Palkup

Elbow Joint - Palkup Gwanjol

Finger - Songarak

Finger Belly - Songarak Badak

Finger Pincers - Jipge Son

Fingertips - Sonkut

Fore Fist - Ap Joomuk

Fore Knuckle Fist - Inji Joomuk

Forearm - Palmok

Hand - Son

Hand Parts - Sang Bansin

Inner Forearm - An Palmok

Knifehand - Sonkal

Long Fist - Ghin Joomuk

Middle Knuckle Fist - Joongi Joomuk

Open Fist - Pyun Joomuk

Outer Forearm - Bakat Palmok

Palm - Sonbadak

Reverse Knifehand - Sonkal Dung

Thumb - Umji

Thumb Knuckle Fist - Umji Joomuk

Thumb Ridge - Umji Batang

Under Fist - Mit Joomuk

Under Forearm - Mit Palmok

Wrist Joint - Sonmok Gwanjol

FOOT PARTS

English - Korean

Foot - Bal

Back Sole - Dwitkumchee

Front Sole - Ap Kumchee

Sole - Kumchee

Side Sole - Yop Bal Badak

Foot Sword - Balkal

Toes - Balkut

Instep - Baldung

Side Instep - Yop Baldung

Reverse Foot-sword - Balkal Dung

Back heel - Dwichook

STANCES

English - Korean

Attention Stance - Charyot Sogi

Bending Ready Stance - Guburyo Junbi Sogi

Bow Posture - Kyong-Ye Jase

Closed Stance - Moa Sogi

Crouched Stance - Oguryo Sogi

Diagonal Stance - Sasun Sogi

Fixed Stance - Gojung Sogi

Inner Open Stance - An Palja Sogi

L Stance - Niunja Sogi

Low Stance - Nacho Sogi

One-Leg Stance - Waebal Sogi

Open Stance - Palja Sogi

Outer Open Stance - Bakat Palja Sogi

Parallel Stance - Narani Sogi

Ready Stance - Junbi Sogi

Rear Foot Stance - Dwit Bal Sogi

Sitting Stance - Annun Sogi

Vertical Stance - Soojik Sogi

Walking Stance - Gunnan Sogi

Warrior Stance - Moosa Sogi

X Stance - Kyocha Sogi

OTHER BODY PARTS

English - Korean

Abdomen - Bokboo

Achilles Tendon - Dwitchook Himjool

Adam's Apple - Gyol Hoo

Angle of Mandible (Jaw) - Wit Tok

Bridge of Nose - Migan

Cervix - Gyong Boo

Chest - Gasum

Clavicle - Swe Gol

Coccyx - Migol

Epigastrium - Sang Bokboo

Extremeties - Pal Gwa Dari

Eye Ball - Angoo

Floating Ribs - Nuk Gol

Forehead - Ima

Fossa - Ogum

Groin - Sataguni

Head - Mori

Heart - Shim Jang

Jaw - Yop Tok

Kidney - Kongpat

Lips - Ipsul

Liver - Gan Jang

Lower Abdomen - Ha Bokboo

Mandibula - Tok Gwanjol

Miscellaneous Parts - Gita Boowi

Neck - Mok

Neck Artery - Mok Dungmaek

Nose - Katdung

Occiput - Hudoo

Philtrum - Injoong

Point of Chin - Mit Tok

Pubic Region of Pelvis - Chiboo

Radial Artery - Maekbak Sonmok Dongmaek

Scrotum - Nam Sing

Section of Body - Mom Dungboon

Shoulder - Euhke

Skull - Dae Sin Moon

Small of the Back - Gyong Chu

Solar Plexus - Myong Chi

Spleen - Bi Jang

Sternum - Hyung Gol

Temple - Gwanja Mori

Thenar - Umjigoo

Umbilicus - Baekkob

Upper Back - Gyong Gap

Upper Neck - Wit Mok

Wind Pipe - Soomok Tong

Hand/Arm Techniques

English - Korean

Alternate Backhand - Euhkallin Son Dung

Alternate Forearm - Euhkallin Palmok

Alternate Palm - Euhkallin Sonbadak

Angle Punch - Giokja Jirugi

Back Elbow Thrust - Dwit Palkup Tulgi

Back Fist Strike - Dung Joomuk Taerigi

Backward Stepping Block - Magumyo Duruogi

Backward Stepping Punch - Jillo Duruogi

Bow Wrist Block - Sonmok Dongmaek Makgi

Checking Block - Momchau Makgi

Circular Block - Dollimyo Makgi

Consecutive Block - Yonsak Jirugi

Crescent Strike - Bandal Taerigi

Cross-Cut - Ghutgi

Double Arc-Hand Block - Doo Bandalson Makgi

Double Finger Thrust - Doo Songarak Tulgi

Double Forearm Block - Doo Palmok Makgi

Downward Block - Naeryo Makgi

Flat Fingertip Thrust - Opun Sonkut Tulgi

Flying Hand Technique - Twimyo Son Gisool

Forearm Guarding Block - Palmok Daebi Makgi

Forward Stepping Block - Magumyo Nagagi

Forward Stepping Punch - Jirumyo Nagagi

Four Directional Blocking - Sagu Makgi

Four Directional Punching - Sagu Jirugi

Front Elbow Strike - Ap Palkup Taerigi

Grasping Block - Butjaba Makgi

Horizontal Block - Soopyong Makgi

Horizontal Punch - Soopyong Jirugi

Horizontal Thrust - Soopyong Tulgi

Horizontal Wave - Soopyong Pahdo

Inner Forearm Block - An Palmok Makgi

Inward Block - Anuro Makgi

Inward Crosscut - Anuro Ghutgi

Knifehand Guarding Block - Sonkal Daebi Makgi

Knifehand Strike - Sonkal Taerigi

Long Fist Punch - Ghin Joomuk Jirugi

Luring Block - Yuin Makgi

Nine-Shape Block - Gutja Makgi

Outer Forearm Block - Bakat Palmok Makgi

Outward Block - Bakuro Makgi

Outward Crosscut - Bakuro Ghutgi

Overhead Punch - Twio Nomo Jirugi

Overlapped Backhand - Pogaen Sondung

Palm Block - Sonbadak Makgi

Palm Strike - Sonbadak Taerigi

Parallel Backhand - Narani Sondung

Parallel Block - Narani Makgi

Parallel Palm - Narani Sonbadak

Press Finger - Jiap

Pressing Block - Noollo Makgi

Pushing Block - Miro Makgi

Reverse Knifehand Block - Sonkal Dung Makgi

Reverse Knifehand Strike - Sonkal Dung Taerigi

Rising Block - Chookyo Makgi

Scooping Block - Duro Makgi

Single Back Fist Strike - Wae Dung Joomuk Taerigi

Straight Fingertip Thrust - Sun Sonkut Tulgi

Turning Punch - Dollyo Jirugi

Twin Forearm Block - Sang Palmok Makgi

Upset Fingertip Thrust - Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi

Upset Punch - Dwijibo Jirugi

Upward Block - Ollyo Makgi

Upward Punch - Ollyo Jirugi

U-Shape Block - Digutja Makgi

U-Shape Grasp - Digutja Japgi

U-Shape Punch - Digutja Jirugi

Vertical Punch - Sewo Jirugi

Wedging Block - Hechyo Makgi

Wedging Strike - Hechyo Tarigi

W-Shape Block - San Makgi

X-Backhand - Kyocha Sondung

X-Fist Block - Kyocha Joomuk Makgi

X-Knifehand block - Kyocha Sonkal Makgi

LEG TECHNIQUES

English - Korean

Back Kick - Dwit Chagi

Back Piercing Kick - Dwitcha Jirugi

Back Pushing Kick - Dwitcha Milgi

Back Snap Kick - Dwitcha Busigi

Checking Kick - Cha Momchagi

Combination Kick - Honap Chagi

Consecutive Kick - Yonsak Chagi

Counter Kick - Bada Chagi

Crescent Kick - Bandal Chagi

Dodging Kick - Pihamyo Chagi

Double Kick - I-Jung Chagi

Downward (Axe) Kick - Naeryo Chagi

Flying Kick - Twimyo Chagi

Flying Scissor-Shape Kick - Twimyo Kawi Chagi

Flying Spiral Kick - Twimyo Rasonsik Chagi

Flying Square Punching Kick - Twimyo Sagak Jirumyo Chagi

Flying Three Direction Kick - Twimyo Sambang Chagi

Flying Trapezoid Punching Kick - Twimyo Jaegak Jirumyo Chagi

Flying Triple Kick - Twimyo Samjung Chagi

Flying Twin Foot Kick - Twimyo Sang Bal Chagi

Flying Two Direction Kick - Twimyo Sangbang Chagi

Flying U-Shape Punching Kick - Twimyo Digutja Jirumyo Chagi

Foot Lifting - Bal Dulgi

Foot Shifting - Jajun Bal

Foot Sparring - Bal Matsogi

Foot Tackling - Bal Golgi

Foot Technique - Bal Gisool

Front-Back Kick - Ap Dwi Chagi

Grasping Kick - Butjaba Chagi

Ground Kick - Noowo Chagi

Hooking Kick - Golcho Chagi

Horizontal Striking Kick - Soopyong Tarimyo Chagi

Inward Kick - Anuro Chagi

Mid-Air Kick - Twio Dolmyo Chagi

Outward Kick - Bakuro Chagi

Overhead Kick - Twio Nomo Chagi

Pick Shape Kick - Gokaeng-I Chagi

Pressing Kick - Noollo Chagi

Punching Kick - Jirumyo Chagi

Reflex Kick - Bansa Chagi

Reverse Hooking Kick - Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi

Reverse Turning Kick - Bandae Dollyo Chagi

Rising Kick - Cha Olligi

Side Checking Kick - Yop Momchagi

Side Piercing Kick - Yop Cha Jirugi

Side Pushing Kick - Yopcha Milgi

Side Thrusting Kick - Yopcha Tulgi

Skip Kick - Duro Gamyo Chagi

Smashing Kick - Cha Busigi

Spot Kicking - Gujari Chagi

Stamping Kick - Cha Bapgi

Straight Kick - Jigeau Chagi

Sweeping Kick - Suroh Chagi

Triple Kick - Samjung Chagi

Tumbling Kick - Joma Chagi

Turning Kick - Dollyo Chagi

Twisting Kick - Bituro Chagi

Upward Kick - Ollyo Chagi

Vertical Kick - Sewo Chagi

Waving Kick - Doro Chagi

EQUIPMENT/TRAINING

English - Korean

Air Shield - Gongi Bandpae

Belt - Ti

Breaking - Gypoka

Callisthenics - Dosoo Dallyon

Dumbells - Aryong

Finger Toughening Box - Dallyon Tong

Focus Shield - Chotjum Bangpae

Foot Raising Bar - Dari Olligi Dae

Forging Pendulum - Dallyon Gune

Forging Post - Dallyon Joo

Jar - Danji

Jump Rope - Twim Jool

Mirror - Ko Ui

Pants of training suit - Ha'I

Power Holder (Horse) - Gyokpa Dae

Pullers - Dallyon Jool

Punching Ball - Dallyon Gong

Shirt of training suit - Sang'I

Special Technique Holder - Tukgi Dae

Sponge Pad - Sponji Byogae

Stance Mould - Sogi Pan

Straw Pad - Jip Byogae

Training Aids - Dallyon Goo

Training Equipment - Sooryon Jangbi

Training Hall - Dojang

Training Suit - Dobok

Titles

English - Korean

Instructor 1st to 3rd Degree - Boosabum

International Instructor - Sabumnim

Master - Sahyun

Grand Master - Saesong

President - Chung-Jae Sabumnim

Student - Jeja

System of Rank - Dan Gup Jedo

GENERAl TERMINOLOGY

English - Korean

Against a bayonet - Dae Chong Gum

Against a club - Dae Gonbong

Against a dagger - Dae Dando

Against a pistol - Dae Gwon Chong

Against a pole - Dae Mongdung-I

Against an armed opponent - Dae Moogi

Attacking Techniques - Gong Gyuk Gi

Attacking Tools - Gong Gyuk Boowi

Back - Dwit

Back View - Dwitmosup

Breaking - Gyokpa

Breath Control - Hohup Jojul

Callisthenics - Dosoo Dallyon

Check List - Daejo Pyo

Classification of Instructor - Sabum Jongyu

Cold Showers and Baths - Naengsoo Machal

Composition of Taekwon-Do - Taekwon-Do Goosung

Concentration - Jip Joong

Cycle of Taekwon-Do - Soonhwan Do

Defense against a sudden attack - Dae Boori Gong Gyuk

Defense Technique - Bang Eau Gi

Demerit - Kamjom

Demonstration - Sibum

Equilibrium - Kyun Hyung

Etiquette - Ye Jol

Female - Yoja

Front - Ap

Front view - Ap Mosup

Fundamental exercises - Gibon Yonsap

General Assumptions - Illban Kahjung

Ground Technique - Noowo Gisol

High - Nopunde

High Section - Nopunde Bobun

History - Yoksa

Holding - Bachigi

Humanity - In

Identification of title - Chingo Pyosik

Injury - Busang

Left - Wen

Low - Najunde

Male - Namja

Mass - Zilyang

Meditate - Mookyum

Method of Exercise - Yonsup Bo

Middle - Kaunde

Miscellaneous Parts - Gita Boowi

Moral Culture - Jungshin Sooyang

Obverse - Baro

Philosophy - Chul Hak

Preparatory Exercise - Junbi Undong

Procedure for Leading a Class - Sooryon Jido Bop

Propriety - Ye

Public Service - Sahwe Bongsa

Release from grab - Jappyosul Tae

Reverse - Bandae

Right - Orun

Righteousness - Ui

Side - Yop

Spirit - Gi

Test - Simsa

Theory of Power - Him Ui Wolli

Training - Sooryon

Trust - Shin

Vital Spots - Kupo

Weight - Chegup

Wisdom - Ji